Charles et Ray Eames
They are the most famous designer duo in the post-War. Him, Charles Ormond Eames Jr, born in 1907 in Missouri, starts by studying architecture in Washington University in Saint Louis in 1925, then opens an architect study in 1930 where he works with Eliel Saarinen who will invite him in 1938 to study at the Academy of Arts in Cranbrook (Michigan).
Having settled in California, the couple is subsidized by the US government during World War II for their technical advances on plywood. They produce braces and stretchers for the US Navy wounded. In order to perfect their technic, which will give birth to their famous Plywood chair. Nevertheless, their company, Evans Products is a flop. But this is not including the fact that the production rights are acquired by Herman Miller, who will put the couple on the track for success. During their whole career, the Eames haven’t stopped experimenting new techniques with all sorts of materials (wood, fiberglass, steel wire, plastic), and only abide by a utilitarian design accessible to the masses.
After exhibiting their famous Los Angeles house, made in prefab in a parallelepiped shape in 1949, Charles and Ray release their greatest success in 1956: the Eames Lounge Chair, a molded plywood armchair that will sell in more than six million units and is part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. But it’s not the only creation of the couple to make it into history (see the DSW chair, the wire chair,